Maclura Species, Bois d'arc, Bodock Tree, Hedge Apple, Horse Apple, Osage Orange

Maclura pomifera

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Maclura (muh-KLOO-ruh) (Info)
Species: pomifera (pom-EE-fer-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Ioxylon pomiferum
Synonym:Toxylon pomiferum




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:




over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pale Green

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama

Tuscumbia, Alabama

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Lowell, Arkansas

Hesperia, California

Ellington, Connecticut

Townsend, Delaware

Brimfield, Illinois

Centralia, Illinois

Champaign, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Goodfield, Illinois

Jacksonville, Illinois

Kansas, Illinois

Palmyra, Illinois

Urbana, Illinois(2 reports)

West Brooklyn, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Lawrenceburg, Indiana

Saint John, Indiana

Nichols, Iowa

Tracy, Iowa

Kingman, Kansas(2 reports)

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

Wichita, Kansas

Bagdad, Kentucky

Benton, Kentucky

Danville, Kentucky

Dry Ridge, Kentucky

Farmington, Kentucky

Georgetown, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Mayfield, Kentucky

Smiths Grove, Kentucky

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Coushatta, Louisiana

Lutherville Timonium, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

East Lansing, Michigan

Grand Blanc, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Tecumseh, Michigan

Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota

Bates City, Missouri

Saint Robert, Missouri

Sedalia, Missouri

Trenton, Missouri

Warrensburg, Missouri

Red Cloud, Nebraska

Reno, Nevada

Belle Mead, New Jersey

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Ancram, New York

New York City, New York

Southampton, New York

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Harmony, North Carolina

Ashtabula, Ohio

Bucyrus, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio(2 reports)

Columbus, Ohio(2 reports)

Galena, Ohio

Hilliard, Ohio

Lancaster, Ohio

North Olmsted, Ohio

Blanchard, Oklahoma

Gore, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma(2 reports)

Jay, Oklahoma

Owasso, Oklahoma

Peggs, Oklahoma

Sand Springs, Oklahoma

Tahlequah, Oklahoma

Bath, Pennsylvania

Berwyn, Pennsylvania

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Center Valley, Pennsylvania

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Montoursville, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Dandridge, Tennessee

Dyer, Tennessee

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Millington, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

White House, Tennessee

Alice, Texas

Anderson, Texas

Arlington, Texas(2 reports)

Austin, Texas

Baytown, Texas

Belton, Texas

Brownwood, Texas

Celeste, Texas

Celina, Texas

Copperas Cove, Texas

De Leon, Texas

Dodd City, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Godley, Texas

Grapeland, Texas

Houston, Texas

Huntsville, Texas(3 reports)

Lubbock, Texas

Montague, Texas

New Braunfels, Texas

Princeton, Texas

Red Oak, Texas

Sachse, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Seguin, Texas

Stephenville, Texas(2 reports)

Tennessee Colony, Texas

Wilmer, Texas

Lexington, Virginia

Mount Crawford, Virginia

Williamsburg, Virginia

Asotin, Washington

Madison, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 1, 2020, RandyAllen from White House, TN wrote:

Ive been studying this species for about 52 years. Around Nashville TN they are commonly called Bodock (Bois darc), Osage-Orange, Hedgeapple, Horseapple, and Mock-Orange, mainly. The most decay resistant timber native to North America. Trees here are usually multi-trunk and contorted with bowing limbs. The external bark reveals some yellow and orange which the wood also contains. I have made a few hiking sticks from rare straight limbs. The wood is naturally outstandingly beautiful, but extremely hard and not user friendly. At first the wood is bright yellow and orange, but if allowed to dry and age in the sun it gets a darker orange, then after years in the sun it gets gray. The narrow band of sapwood is a light cream in color (as you can see in the pix I posted). Since it does... read more


On Mar 27, 2017, Nanaof5 from Dandridge, TN wrote:

I have had great success getting new osage orange plants by burying the whole fruit in a pot of potting soil and leaving it outside all winter. In the spring, numerous seedlings started growing. I gently scooped out a clump, separated them, and planted them in individual pots. I plan to create a living fence around part of our property as I consider the thorny nature of the plant as well as the hardness of the wood to be outstanding characteristics!


On Sep 29, 2016, Willy_M from Dyer, TN wrote:

I grew up in SW Arkansas Red River bottoms and although we called them "bordarks", they were all over the place. And growing up in the country, we ran around barefoot and became all too well acquainted with the thorns. Our main use for them was fence posts. Anyway they were a fixture of my childhood and as I'd only seen the trees in the Red River bottoms and no where else, I figured they just didn't grow anywhere else.

A few days ago, my wife and I took a friend from Canada to a Safari Park in Alamo TN and spotted some horseapples on the ground on the edge of the parking lot. It's been almost 20 years since I last saw a bordark and went over to look at it. I was majorly surprised to see that the tree was thornless. And nearby we found a few more thornless bordarks th... read more


On Jun 14, 2016, jaylizz1 from Reno, NV wrote:

Not easy to find in nurseries. I started some from seed that I gathered from Idlewild Park in downtown Reno, NV zone 5. At the same time I did my first order to Cold Stream Farm for ten bare root plants. The seed starts caught up to the bare root guys. I really made no effort planting them. Just kind of threw them on the ground because the fruit is just nasty and it's really hard to get the seed out. My advice cut the fruit in 1/8 pieces and bury each piece in the fall and you should have plants by the spring. The rabbits won't touch these guys so don't worry about protecting them. It's been 5 years and I have several multi-trunk specimens with glossy dark leaves. Huge thorns. I love this tree, it flowered for the first time this year. I may hate it if the fruit turn into a brier... read more


On Dec 20, 2015, TheBlackRaven59 from Townsend, DE wrote:

I am from Delaware and have a beach house in Maryland. I just want state that I keep loose track of osage orange trees around the area and know of at least 20 within a 20 mile radius of my house. I have never tried eating the edible part of the fruit. he kids and grandkids like to take them to school for show and tell.


On Aug 17, 2015, JDY92 from Wylie, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

In Texas it's known as a Bodark or Horse Apple Tree. These trees grow along creeks and are very tough trees. I have heard that the wood of the Bodark is the hardest wood found in North America. I'm not sure how true that is, but it is a very hard and rot resistant wood.


On Jan 5, 2015, Rockinhranch from Arlington, TX wrote:

We have probably a hundred of these trees on our ranch in Pattonville, TX. We have very few problems with Mosquitos and noticed that the deer we've harvested have no ticks. The mature Osage orange trees have beautiful and interesting shapes with branches very often growing close to the ground. We have had to cut one down this year, which is a good way to dull your chainsaw. We collect the fruit and place them on our back porch at our home in Arlington to keep the Mosquitos away. These trees are quite lovely with the exception of the thorns. Once the canopy is high enough, the thorns don't matter. The thorns on these trees are nothing of a menace compared to a honey locust tree, which are truly heinous.


On Oct 22, 2014, apike from Millington, TN wrote:

My parents have a Bodock tree in their back yard that's more than 35 years old. It was there when they bought the property and I'm 32, so I really don't know how old the tree is. It's big, far from hedge size, so I'm guessing pretty old.

Not sure about firewood, but my father used it on the grill whenever he could. He says it gives the meat a really good smoke flavor. He said it's a lot of work for it, but the flavor it gives the meat makes it worthwhile.

Their tree is female, and unfortunately right next to their trailer, so every year when the fruit starts to fall, the roof has to have repairs. That's been my worst experience with it!

Now that I know more about it, I think I will get a cutting and try to grow one. I hate the "apples" but as l... read more


On Oct 7, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Large fruits are usually evolved to attract large animals to eat them and disperse the seeds, but osage oranges aren't eaten by existing native animals. It's been speculated that extinct Pleistocene megafauna, such as the mammoth, mastodon, gomphothere, and giant ground sloths may have fed on the fruit and aided in seed dispersal.

The seeds are edible, though difficult to harvest.

The milky juice from stems and fruit can cause skin irritation in some people. This plant is not otherwise toxic to people or animals.

There are also at least three thornless male (n... read more


On Oct 7, 2014, annblanken from Red Cloud, NE wrote:

We have many osage orange (hedge apples) trees in southern Nebraska.
They provide great shade. PEST REPELLANT: You MUST cut the fruit to be effective as bug repellant. I pick up the fruit as soon as it drops from the tree. Then, within 2 days, I cut the fruit in quarters, place the pieces on pieces of wax paper, and set them around the house in corners, closets, basements, and any place you've seen bugs. The juice that oozes out of the pieces is what initially draws the bugs. (The wax paper keeps the juice from ruining carpets, floors.) I leave the pieces until the next year when I collect new fruit. All our neighbors were inundated with box elder bugs, but we had none. Others complain of crickets and black bugs....we have none. I have told many people about this, and they ... read more


On Sep 4, 2013, CandyLady50 from Caledonia, MS wrote:

I just wanted to let you know that we called them horse apples but couldn't figure out why they were called that because our horses wouldn't eat them. We did see cows eat them though. I didn't see a post for them growing in Mississippi? I wanted you to know that I personally know that they grow in the very small town of Artesia, Mississippi. They were fun to play with as a child. They also grow in Crawford, Mississippi. We called the tree Bodock. I can still remember stepping on some of the big thorns from the Bodock tree that grew in our front yard as a child. I was cutting the grass barefoot and called myself watching out for them but stepped on one that was still attached to a small limb on more than one occasion. Yes, I was just a country girl and still am. I have seen thorns over an i... read more


On Nov 2, 2012, gregokla from Hulbert, OK wrote:

I would recommend the male of this species. It makes excellent shade, is drought tolerant, disease resistant, and grows to become a huge tree.

Natives used the wood to make bows for hunting, hence its French name, Bois d'arc. The sap is a strong adhesive which dries quickly. This can be attested to by anyone who has used pruning shears to cut its branches. Maybe there is a correlation between adhesiveness and the necessary pliability of good bow wood.

Anyhow, if rambling above-ground roots and lack of autumn color (but plenty of leaves) do not bother you and there is abundant space, this can be a great tree.


On Jan 15, 2012, Meehlticket from Daphne, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

When my husband and I were looking at small farms in Lawrence Kansas, one of the farms had a barn - we were told it was over 70 years old - that had beams and posts made from Osage Orange... it was on it's fifth roof but had all the original beams and posts - without a sign of rot. The posts were sitting in a dirt floor.
We were told that it is important to trim or saw the wood as soon as it's felled - after it cures it is "impossible" to cut.


On Jan 11, 2012, AresDraco from San Francisco, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

I like using the fruit, intact, in fall arrangements. Just a bunch in a bowl. Great green color, like 'Envy' zinnias! My uncles in Ohio had the the trees along the fence lines on their farms. They called them "Horse Apples'. We moved to Texas and found them in the area around Dallas. We called them (phonetically) "bodark". With the 'r' sound... I used the wood for turning small bowls, my home in Austin, TX, ca. 1910, was of pier and beam construction. The piers were bodark and intact for over nearly seventy years in contact with the soil. I like the look of the foliage, the fruit and the thorny branches make wicked Hallowe'en wreaths. Can't say much good about the form of the trees, but most of the ones I saw had been butchered... Maybe with sympathetic care, they'd be a plus in a large co... read more


On Jan 10, 2012, Lorra from Indianapolis, IN wrote:

Thanks to all of you for the delightful trip down memory lane, and all the information.


On Jan 10, 2012, RobinLane from Loretto, TN wrote:

My uncle used to make knives from the spent blades used in cutting fabric at a local factory. The wood he used for the handles was Osage Orange. He knew where to find the trees near us in southern middle Tennessee. There was very little graining, and the wood stood up to the daily requirements of a busy kitchen--my uncle was also an excellent cook! He made these knives for our family as well as special people in our lives. That beautiful wood has withstood the rigors of our kitchens for over 30 years.


On Jan 9, 2012, annabelle15 from Niles, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

if you are a little adventurous, you can make beautiful decroations out of the "Oranges." My dad, using my rock saw (the blade is luricated with oil to slice rocks) sliced several into thin slices,drill a small hole into the edge of the slice, laid them in the sun and let them dry. The thin slices dry a medium brown and are hard. he would take varathan plastic and cover all of the surface after they dried. making pendants and other kinds of jewelery out of them. it is a really messy process, and I had to chang the oil in the rock saw, but it was worth it.


On Jan 9, 2012, societygardener from Myrtle Beach, SC wrote:

How nice to see this tree/fruit featured on this site. It evoked great memories of a family endeavor during my college days. We lived in Southeastern KY, Paintsville, actually, and my Dad traveled to educational meetings, etc and would spot these trees along the roads and manage to pick the fruit even while wearing a suit, etc.

My Mother had learned that the fruit could be cut/sliced and dried and add a lovely touch to a flower arrangement. We dried them, I believe in the oven and then my Dad would drill small holes in the center of the fruit through which we inserted a wire to give it that desirable long stemmed look. To cover the wire we added some glue and birdseed that completed the "look". Gloves would be helpful as our hands sometimes weren't too attract... read more


On Jan 9, 2012, emuehlbauer from Rego Park, NY wrote:

I have fond memories of this tree from my childhood. I grew up in Brooklyn, NY, across the street from Prospect Park. I loved going to see the Osage orange tree...there may have been a the park. I loved the furrowed bark and the aromatic "oranges". However, I would never consider planting this tree on anything less than an expansive is very thorny, nothing that can be near a house. It is also completely USELESS as an insect repellant. I did research in a fish lab at NYU in my grad school days. The place was unbelievably infested with cockroaches, and we couldn't use insecticides without killing all the fish. One day, I went to the park and brought back as many "oranges" as I could carry, and distributed them throughout the lab. Not only were the roaches not repelled,... read more


On Jan 9, 2012, woellms from Brimfield,
United States wrote:

We most commonly use 'osage orange' as its nonmenclature. In the very early years,1700-1800, the trees were grown by nurseries and sold for the purpose of natural fence lines impervious to all animals. The saplings were planted and when a straight trunk had formed it would be cut so that it would send many multiple side shoots. The side shoots were woven together between neighboring trees to form a very tight fence from the ground up several feet before it was allowed to grow up naturally. It burns very very hot so do not burn it in an enclossure, metal melts (but some people do in their outside furnaces) and never in your home fireplace. A fun thing is slice it width wise into a circular piece 1/4" thick, place the pieces on a cookey sheet and into an oven about 150 degrees for hour... read more


On Jan 9, 2012, gollambug from Williamstown, South Australia,
Australia wrote:

I have not seen this tree growing but bought some timber of it from a mill specialising in tree removal. To me, being a wood turner it is very beautiful timber. Very hard close grain, a yellowy-orange colour and takes a very high polish. Pieces made from Osage-Orange always attract the eyes of people at craft fairs and they sell well. I cannot ask if anyone has some timber to trade as I am a long way away in South Australia. Gollambug


On Jan 9, 2012, tkishkape from Gore, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Bois d'Arc trees are a common occurance throughout Oklahoma, presumably planted by people trying to save the land during the Dustbowl.

My Grandmother would enlist the energies of the Grandchildren (me, my sister and cousins) to fill a bucket with Bois d'Arc apples and pour them in a box by the back door. When the box was full, we threw about half of them under the house, a few in the cellar and brought the rest into the house to her. Grandma would then place one in every low cabinet.

To my knowledge, she never saw a cockroach or ant in the house... ever.


On Jan 9, 2012, 1lolita1 from Elgin, IL wrote:

Tkishkape,your note brought back something I'd totally forgotten- I bet your Grandma didn't have spiders,either. One year in the fall we had a big spider problem when the weather turned cold. Mom complained to Grandma about it. Next thing I knew we were chopping sticky 'oranges' in half and placing them all around the house. Next day the spiders were all gone and didn't come back. Those oranges smell great but that sticky latex sap could put crazy glue to shame!
I grew up with these trees in the midwest.Granted,they can be a big problem in areas that were built up around the original hedgerows,but they're still appreciated out in the country.I know a few people that bought farmsteads based mainly on the fact that the original hedgerows were still there (so no fence expense!). The wo... read more


On Jan 9, 2012, johnola1 from Fresno, CA wrote:

I remember the trees when I was growing up in Grayson County, Texas. Our small farm had fences made from the large branches and trunks of the tree. Since most of the limbs are crooked the fence took on a rather tattered look. The fruit made excellent weapons to throw at the red wasp nests. We also threw larger limb pieces into the creek, where they promptly sank.
When I moved to California I found that the tree is rare, the only place I have seen them is in hedge rows planted along the side of the Merced River near Snelling, CA. I think probably to keep claim jumpers out of the gold bearing gravel along the river.


On Jan 9, 2012, 100miler from Huntsville, TX wrote:

We have quite a few of these trees growing on our twenty acres. Another name for the large fruits here in Texas is "horse apples" as many horses love them. There are never any fruits lying around on the ground, as our horses patrol under the Bois d'arcs daily to search for newly-fallen ones. Feral hogs also gobble them up. Deer will browse on the tree's leaves. The wood is a lovely bright yellow, but loses that color shortly after being cut.


On Jan 9, 2012, Gardeningman from Kingman, KS (Zone 6b) wrote:

I see these all over the place in Kansas. The wood does have one use that it is still harvested for today. It makes great fence posts commonly called "hedge posts." They are weather, termite, and rot resistant. There are hedge posts that were stuck into the ground back in the 1930's that are still in the same place today. And they have not rotted! Farmers would use them to install barbed wire fences.


On Sep 23, 2011, RebeccaLynn from Winston Salem, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

For many years we have driven along U.S. Hwy 21 in Iredell County N.C. between Turnersburg and Harmony. We've often commented on the large, lovely tree with interesting branches and green, "bumpy," softball size fruit underneath in late summer and fall. Today we decided to turn into the semi-circular driveway in front of the early 20th Century home. The man who answered the door bell seemed to know that we were there to inquire about the tree. It happens often he said. Osage Orange, the tree was there when he moved there, deer don't eat the fruit, neither do people. take all you want. Now we know.


On May 16, 2011, oldbluehouse from Celeste, TX wrote:

Many grow along fence rows because they were the original fencing matieral of "the west". In order to grow them as a fence:
1) Dig a trench
2) Mash up the "apples" and put them in the trench
3) Bury the mashed up apples
4) Water and wait

The idea was to weave the spiny branches together so that they would be "hog tight, bull strong, and horse high". Meaning that your hogs couldn't root their way through it, your bulls couldn't push his way through it, and tall enough that your horse couldn't jump over it.


On Dec 10, 2010, Renza from Godley, TX wrote:

I have my hammock hanging under one of the many trees in my back yard. No, there is no fruit on that one! These are the best shade trees in Texas and at least ten degrees cooler in the summer especially when there is a breeze.

I am experimenting with growing a straight one, 3 years now and is it as straight as a hackberry tree. The tree is at least 6 years old. Before we placed our house, the field was a 3 acre hay field and there are about 7 trees that have been growing in a grove four at least 30 years.

(We bought this property in 1980, they were around 10 to15 feet then,) We put our house to the north of this grove for the cooler breeze in the summer.

Before that I had cut this particular shrub down with a tractor four times and it always ... read more


On Oct 31, 2010, eatmyplants from Comanche county, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Contrary to the comment des22555 the park superintendent said about osage orange making "excellent firewood", it does NOT make good firewood. It would be like putting firecrackers and sparklers into the fire. Yes, the wood is hard, durable, rot-proof and beautiful, but this doesn't translate into being a useful firewood.
As far as planting this tree, it is best planted off to itself where you have plenty of property and can keep it away from bare feet and the heavy fruit dropping won't be a problem. If you actually could determine if you were planting a male or female seed or seedling, it would be a different story, but there's no way to know until the tree gets larger. In my area, it was never planted as a hedge row because barbed wire had already been invented, so any trees growin... read more


On Oct 29, 2010, artadd from Lubbock, TX wrote:

To the list of areas where bois d'arc grows (or has grown) might be added:

Fort Worth, Texas, campus of Texas Wesleyan College (now University), near Mulkey Hall, ca. 1955.

Lubbock, Texas, where two magnificent, mature female specimens currently grow side by side in the front yard at 2220 40th Street, just across the street from Clapp Park and the Lubbock Memorial Arboretum. On Oct. 28, 2010, 1400 "horse apples" (as I have invariably heard them called in Texas since the 1950's) weighing 700 lbs. were picked up from under and around these trees, taking two men two hours. It was hazardous work, since the fruit continued to drop. Several fruits were taken by the property owner to the horses of the Texas Tech University Polo Club (U.S. national champions a few ... read more


On May 29, 2010, Carbo from Celina, TX wrote:

I have a huge Bois d'arc tree behind my home that is fruitless and thornless....I love this tree! It gives wonderful shade and is big enough to walk under. It's also great for the kids to climb and we have even hung swings for the kids from it's branches. It's my favorite tree on our property. We live in North Texas on top a white rock hill and have shallow top soil. It has thrived here where many other deep rooted trees would not have. We've lived here 28 years and it's like a member of our family!


On Apr 29, 2010, JCH1952 from Houston, TX wrote:

I own a house on a limestone cliff over Stevens Park golf course - Dallas, Texas. Through the years I have seen a large number of trees bite the dust in this neighborhood. My neighbor's house was built in the 1920s. In photographs of the house taken right after it was completed, there are two Bois d'arc saplings. They are huge now, and appear to be healthy and well acclimated. They never have apples, so they are apparently male trees. The bark has an orange hue to it, and the trees give his yard an almost prehistoric look. They are not on the approved list for Dallas. He has two of the most magnificent trees in the neighborhood. It makes no sense to me. I have to replace a tree that blew down in a storm. I'm getting a male Bois d'arc.


On Mar 26, 2009, texasflora_com from De Leon, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Someone gave me some seeds about 18 years ago that came from far North Dakota. I got at least one to germinate and planted the tree on a rocky limestone and caliche slope in Brownwood, Texas. It's now a tall beautiful male tree that doesn't make fruit.


On Jul 4, 2008, bagsdevlin from Hammonton, NJ wrote:

I realize that the fruits of this tree can be laborious as well as dangerous to clean up. I need vast amounts of these fruits for a research project. If you are overwhelmed in the fall with osage orange fruits on your property, I will gladly remove them free of charge. This can help us both! Thank you and feel free to contact me at my personal email at [email protected]



On Jun 24, 2008, GardenOfJan from Alvin, TX wrote:

Glad to know it repells roaches. I lived in zip code 75147 and have a tree on my vacant lot. Never had to worry about watering it. The kids always enjoyed the fruit of the tree as a ball. They practiced and built their throwing arm by using them. Also, I used the wood and the fruit in a dried flower arrangements. You slice the fruit, arrange on a cookie sheet covered with foil or parchment paper (so the seeping juice want stick to the cookie sheet, saves clean up) and dry in a oven set at 200 or so. Punch a hole in the slice or go ahead and put a hanger (xmas hangers used xmas decorations works fine). You can paint them or leave them the natural color. Enjoy.


On Jun 24, 2008, des22555 from Centralia, IL wrote:

I am a park sutp. in Centralia Ill. There are many osage orange trees in this 300 acre park. I agree that the wood makes excellent fire wood and would last a lifetime as fence posts. The problems I have encountered in recent years is that limbs will crack and sag but not break off and milti-trunk trees often split and half will lay over. The worst tho is that the tree must have shallow and/or brittle roots as there have been many uprooted. Granted there was more rain this spring, but they fall when dry also, often with no appreciable wind.


On Jun 23, 2008, morrigan from Craryville, NY wrote:

We used to live in Southampton, NY. There was one tree growing right on Noyac Road on the line between Southampton and Sag Harbor. I would see the hedge apples for YEARS, (they fell all over the road) and never knew what this HUGE tree was, and what the apples were. When I finally looked up the fruit in a tree field guide book, I learned what this tree was. That tree was WELL over 40' tall. It was georgeous, but the apples in the road were a hazard both for people and wildlife. Animals would go into the roadway to eat the car-flattened apples, then they would get hit by cars. The tree should NEVER be planted over a roadway, in my opinion. BUT, it is a great shade tree and quite beautiful.


On Jun 23, 2008, sheliaagreen from Fort Myers Beach, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

We have MANY of these trees growing on our 3 acres that used to be have cattle grazing. Trees are virtually indestructible and very difficult to remove. Every limb that is cut is replaced by several new ones. Hedgeapples seem to vary from year to year - some years have many and other years few. Squirrels and deer seem to love them which leaves a mess then more trees grow!


On Jun 23, 2008, ringwood from Niagara Falls,
Canada wrote:

Light green fruit make a lovely addition to winter outdoor urn decorations. Impaled on a kebab stick or slender cane and poked in among the greenery they last well through to the new year.


On Jun 23, 2008, ival from Arlington, TX wrote:

Where (and when) I grew up in south central Kansas, there were still thousands of miles of bodark hedge lining roads all over the countryside. Driving down one of these roads, especially in the summertime, was like driving down a green tunnel, especially if the hedges had not been recently trimmed back. As wildlife shelter, they were absolutely wonderful, providing deep thorny cover for birds and rabbits. I still remember seeing my first indigo bunting, a brilliant blue songbird, flying through the slit of sunshine down the center of one of these emerald tunnels. And covies of quail running across the road from one hedge to the other. But for the past several decades farmers and ranchers have systematically eradicated the old hedge rows, as they took up a lot of acreage that could be used ... read more


On Jun 23, 2008, cofieck6 from Wichita, KS wrote:

My son has these trees growing in his back yard on city property as a hedge groove. This was farmland before the homes were built. The city will not remove the trees and the homeowner has to take that responibility if he or she wants them gone. The trees are very messing when the hedge apples drop and we (grandkids also) have to be careful not to get hit in the head. The trees are difficult to cut back and remove because of the thorns. Also, it is very expensive to have someone come in chop the trees down. The trees we have are not very attractive. Some have multiple small trunks that have been butchered by someone. I have read that the wood is a beautiful yellow color and the wood is very hard. I will be glad when the trees are remove so that we can garden and utilize the backyard more. ... read more


On Jun 23, 2008, marwood0 from Golden, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

I've also seen this in Pittsburgh PA by the river, a long way from it's native North East Texas. The wood from this tree doesn't tend to rot, which is the reason why it was used for fence posts. I've have a small log of it in my aquarium for 20 years now and it always looks the same. As a kid I used the thorns to make barbs for fishing arrows. As a teenager I made a bow from a small branch of this tree and it's a decent bow, but I included the new softwood. The hardwood, which is very hard but flexible, is really what should be used. Very useful and nice looking tree, entertaining fruit!


On Jun 23, 2008, docgipe from NORTH CENTRAL, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

I vote negative only because of the plants endless thorns and the fact it takes excessive space to be raised as a continous bush fence row. After a child steps on one of these thorns the next stop will be the hospital. A horse can injure itself by stepping on these thorns. Foot problems with any animal is difficult to doctor.

I have primative method bow hunter friends who still make selfed bows with which they hunt.

I have seen this plant growing in soil from netrual into acid levels of 5.5 PH.


On Jun 23, 2008, brenfro1 from Spring Hill, KS (Zone 6a) wrote:

This tree is dioeceous meaning it has male and female flowers on different plants. It is only the female tree that bears fruit. I personally would not grow the tree as a specimen in the yard it is perfectly suitable for a hedge and a pasture tree. I live in eastern Kansas and the tree is considered a weed tree along with the Eastern Red Cedar and we are aggressive in their removal.


On Jun 23, 2008, bareknees from West Brooklyn, IL wrote:

One of the worst situations caused by this tree is if your have many old ones on your property are the thorns. We have experienced many flat tires on our tractor and wheelbarrow.
The thorns can be as long as one inch on the smallest dead branch often unseen until it has done it's damage.

The wood is very hot when it burns. If it is used in a fireplace one should be very careful. If it has a certain amount of pitch it will create a fire just like a Sparkler.

On the other side of the coin, I have seen a very beautiful live hedge created from these trees . It makes a good barrier fro unwanted guest! The owner told me it is not fun to shear!


On Jun 19, 2008, jessaree from Anderson, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I have several of these trees on my property, both male and female. They are great shade trees!

The limbs can get heavy at times and break off. Where one breaks off, or one is trimmed, several more grow back in it's place.

There's nothing like being woke up in the middle of the night from a horse apple falling on the roof.

I was once told that the milk in the horse apples are poisonous to roaches, spread them around your house & no more roach problems. We've lived here for 10 years and hardly an roaches at all, just the occasional stray one.

The good of this tree outweighs the bad. I wouldn't trade them for much of anything!


On Oct 25, 2007, Maggie_TX from Garland, TX wrote:

I grew up on a farm in Collin County, Texas. These lovely trees are common there.
Word of caution to those who have cows or any other animal which you might want to get milk from for drinking, the apples, when eaten by the animals, give the milk a bitter taste.
Other than that they are great trees and there are crafts to be done by slicing and backing the apples...they look like dried "flowers". Don't eat them.


On Nov 14, 2006, billyporter from Nichols, IA (Zone 5a) wrote:

The first time I saw one was when I was little. I was fascinated. I still love them. I bring the ''hedgeballs'' home every year and set them in front of the flower beds as accents. They have a sticky sap that make me itch, so I wear gloves and take a sack along.


On Jun 6, 2006, jcutts1 from Dodd City, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

This tree/shrub appears to grow freely in my area. We just moved here and are trying to identify most of what's growing on our property. The Bois D'Arc trees, wild roses and cedars are all that I have managed to identify so far. I'm not too crazy about the thorns on this tree, but won't give it a negative until I find out more about it. I do favor the fact that wildlife are attracted to it...


On Aug 28, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have quite a few large specimens of these trees on my farm & in my yard, & apart from having to rake/pile up the "fruit" in early autumn, I find them quite lovely, especially if one takes the time to provide a little maintenance - i.e. clip off suckers, stray branches, dead wood, etc.

Even during our hottest summer temps & drought periods the canopies are always impenetrably dense with bright shiny green leaves, & the garden swing I have situated underneath one is always the coolest spot to be on a hot humid day.

The dense cover & thickly corrugated bark is like a magnet to all sorts of birds, especially woodpeckers, nuthatches, & warblers, & the fruit, although inedible to humans, is positively adored by wildlife. I have personally watched deer breaking th... read more


On Dec 3, 2004, donshane from Mayfield, KY wrote:

The seeds of this tree are easy to retrieve if the fruit rots a while. Just pry them open and you'll find the seeds in the pulpy center. They're about the size of orange seeds. I wouldn't recommend cutting into the fruit while it is still green because the milky sap in the fruit is very sticky and hard to get off.


On Sep 12, 2004, tnvol91 from Lowell, AR wrote:

I think this is one of the most interesting trees I have ever seen. The fruit is perfectly wrinkled and light green in color. I picked one from the ground and used a knife to split it in half. To my surprise, there were small 1/4" larvae wriggling about in the rotted portion of the fruit close to the stem. The tree I see from my front window looks like it could have been along a hedge line several years ago. I am thinking at least 50 years ago according to the locals in the area. At any rate this tree is well over 40 feet tall more like 60 to 70 feet and is one of the most beautiful trees I have ever seen. The wood is beautiful. I am not sure I would plant it in my yard because the fruit is nearly grapefruit sized and a little to plentiful for me to go out and clean up every day. Plus if o... read more


On Aug 18, 2004, yinzer from Pittsburgh, PA wrote:

I wanted to report that this tree grows in Pittsburgh, PA, as well. Specifically, I know of two gigantic specimens on the grounds of the Amberson Apartments on Morewood Ave. in the Shadyside district of the city. They are certainly taller than the 40 feet listed as the max height here; my guess is that they're closer to 75 feet. I have no idea how old they are. There are also smaller ones in abandonned lots and parks in the rest of Pittsburgh.


On Jun 1, 2004, RAGGMOPP28 from Greenport, NY wrote:

I saw this for the first time in Greenport, LI NY when looking at a piece of property. I did no know what it was and everyone I knew didn't either. Two years went by and I moved to Greenport but not that property. When I was walking my dog I saw to my surprise a mature one growing in my neighborhood. I picked up the orange and kept it hoping it would turn into a seed. That was three years again. Last eek I was in a Dr's office and found an article on Lewis and Clark- lo and behold there it was
So I was able to surf the net . It is a lovely tree with nice fragrance and the 'fruit' has a slight odor.
I heard you have to freeze the fruit to make it grow.


On Nov 9, 2003, Paolo wrote:

It is growing very well in Delaware County, Ohio. It is doing particularly well near the Marina in the State Park in Delaware.I am hoping to grow it as hedging on my land next year. I have some wet and dry land, so I may be able to report on its tolerances.


On Oct 27, 2003, Gerre from Huntsville, TX wrote:

Don't bother with cuttings - I experimented with several ways to propagate and seed is the overwhelming best way (seed seems to need freezing temp in winter to germinate - I put mine in the freezer for a month and get high percentage germination). As simply a tree in the yard, it's the most awful thing you ever planted, but it makes a great hedge. I like it because in my humble opinion it has the most beautiful wood of any native North American species.


On Oct 27, 2003, tombryant wrote:

This tree grows in the east-central region of Iowa. I am in the process of trying to get more established along an old fence row. An interesting note; Fenceposts made from this tree were sometimes used when still green. They would ocasionally take root and grow. That is one reason you can find these trees growing along fences to this day.


On Aug 30, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Ordinarily, you shouldn't mix (or confuse) apples and oranges - except when it comes to the fruit of Maclura pomifera which you might know as Osage Orange or Hedge Apple, depending on where you grew up. Another common name, Bois d'arc, is an allusion to the Native American's use of the wood to make bows.

This spiny hedge shrub/tree is commonly found growing throughout the central U.S. The fruit is inedible and quite hard, but some sources indicate it can be used as an alternative foodsource for silkworms. It's also sometimes recommended as a natural insect repellant, specifically against cockroaches and crickets.