Stephanotis Species, Bridal Wreath, Hawaiian Wedding Flower, Madagascar Jasmine

Stephanotis floribunda

Family: Apocynaceae (a-pos-ih-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Stephanotis (stef-ah-NO-tis) (Info)
Species: floribunda (flor-ih-BUN-duh) (Info)
Synonym:Asclepias odoratissima
Synonym:Ceropegia stephanotis
Synonym:Isaura alliacea
Synonym:Marsdenia floribunda
Synonym:Stephanotis isaura


Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade





Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Berkeley, California

Brea, California


Carlsbad, California

Chula Vista, California

Dana Point, California

Davis, California

Del Mar, California

El Cajon, California

Elk Grove, California

Escondido, California

Fresno, California

Garden Grove, California

Glendale, California

Goleta, California

Granite Hills, California

Harbison Canyon, California

Hayward, California

Lake Elsinore, California

Lompoc, California

Los Angeles, California(2 reports)

Martinez, California(2 reports)

Merced, California

Perris, California

Rancho Palos Verdes, California

Rancho San Diego, California

San Diego, California(2 reports)

San Francisco, California

San Jose, California

San Martin, California

Santee, California

Simi Valley, California

South Pasadena, California

Torrance, California

Van Nuys, California

Monument, Colorado

Altamonte Springs, Florida

Apopka, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Bradley, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida(2 reports)

Fort Myers, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Lake Mary, Florida

Lehigh Acres, Florida

Loxahatchee, Florida

Maitland, Florida

Malabar, Florida

Miami, Florida

Naples, Florida

North Port, Florida(2 reports)

Orlando, Florida(9 reports)

Pompano Beach, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Hilo, Hawaii

Kailua, Hawaii

Kaneohe Station, Hawaii

Kihei, Hawaii

Kurtistown, Hawaii

Maunawili, Hawaii

Village Park, Hawaii

Waipahu, Hawaii

Waipio, Hawaii

Derby, Kansas

Latonia, Kentucky

Hanover, Massachusetts

Saucier, Mississippi

Florissant, Missouri

Buffalo, New York

Clarence, New York

Schoharie, New York

Erie, Pennsylvania

Mount Bethel, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Houston, Texas(5 reports)

San Antonio, Texas

Spokane, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 26, 2015, Gardenrox from London,
United Kingdom wrote:

Got it as a present in a 5 inch pot trained in a semicircle to a firm wire. I placed it in a window with half day sun and kept the soil moist and a few days later the leaves turned yellow and all fell off except for 2 at the top. Maybe it was wrong to keep the soil moist? How much water exactly and how often are you supposed to water it? how can i save what remains of it?
I have a very sunny window that will get warm/ hot in the summer or a north window that is cooler... Where should she go? What about feeding.?
Please give me any tips I am a total beginner. The plant is from my son's fiancee so i cant fail with it... She comes back here often and will see my disaster. I have already bought another one to replace the one she gave me so i am starting again with the new one... read more


On Aug 15, 2014, LucasRountree from Houston, TX wrote:

Beautiful vine. Does very well in Houston. (loves the high humidity, heat, sun and excellent soil) I have two plants climbing up giant ligustrums. One is in the earth and the other is potted. Both do very well spiraling their tendrils together and snaking up the trees.

The potted vine, although very active-- it's in direct sun-- doesn't like being potted, insomuch as i can tell. It's older leaves are yellower than earth-bound vine. However, it grows very well and is very healthy: good water helps (rain, distilled and filtered- anything that isn't city water).

The potted vine seems very prone to powdery mildew, and so I use neem oil to correct it and it seems to work very well.


On May 28, 2014, Mildcat from Escondido, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

I've had a stephanotis in a smallish (maybe 4-gal) ceramic pot for the past 12 years. It was growing up a metal fence on a west-facing patio, but we moved last year and it is now in a similar patio position in our new house, having been cut back to about five feet when we moved in November. It has already produced several of the mango-sized fruits from last year's flowers, and is covered in buds which are just starting to bloom now, in late May. In my experience this plant is amazingly hardy. We had one freak frost when it died back to the root, and the following season it came roaring back. Contrary to what some have said, I have found it flourishes in this small pot as long as it has sufficient water. I would say it grows to about 30 feet (from my little pot!), not 15 as the desc... read more


On Nov 13, 2013, GabiF from Newcastle NSW,
Australia wrote:

I notice you have changed the format somewhat. I was a financial member and couldn't afford to renew membership, but I miss this place so much. All seems well so far.

I have a real problem with my Stephanotis and need help. I planted her in a pot up against the Slatted wall that hides my Aircon, Gas bottles and Garbage bins. She loved it and has been happy there for about 3 years. I did not realise her pot was slowly sinking into the gravel bed underneath! Several times I noticed that the pot was overflowing and now she has wilted.
We pulled the pot out of the ground, drained her and now have her perched well above the ground. Sprayed the leaves and a really good display of flowers, with a weak solution of Seaweed solution (called Seasol, here) - can I save he... read more


On Sep 30, 2010, boomboer from Cape Town,
South Africa wrote:

This is a wonderful, wonderful plant.
It will thrive under the following conditions: It loves a rich, well draining soil with lots of organic material. A medium made up of potting soil with some well rotted compost (earth worms & all if you can get it) and bonemeal worked in is ideal. I planted mine in a big pot since my garden soil is too loamy. Ensure the pot drains well by placing gravel at the bottom before adding the soil mix.
Cover the top of the soil with a stone/bark mulch to keep the soil from drying and the temperature more even. I also planted some Echeverias in my pot - they keep the soil cool and moist and take up excess water.
This is a tropical vine that loves its roots cool and its leaves hot and humid - it actually climbs better if not planted straigh... read more


On Jul 13, 2009, khabbab from lahore,
Pakistan (Zone 10b) wrote:

I bought it as a small plant 3 inched high from a nursery. It has reached 12 feet high but no blooms yet. It has survived our summers of over 100F here. how can i make it bloom?. i have planted it in my soil bed where other vines are blooming fine. Maybe it is not mature enough to bloom. It is in full sun.


On Jun 21, 2009, terrora wrote:


I just bought a variegated one, this is my third try. The first one did well until a freak frost, the second one didn't make it through the summer! Rather than trellis, I plan to hang it and let it do it's own thing. I'm hopeful...I love the flowers and scent, so I'm not giving up. I bought all of them around the same time, late spring and believe I've had them in a good spot. I will let you know how it goes, wish me luck.


On May 14, 2009, ejanelli from San Francisco, CA wrote:

The plant grows beautifully. All you have to do is recognize it's needs and treat it appropriately.

The two negative comments do nothing except show that the writers think of plants as furniture rather than as living things with specific rquirements - just like people.

Yes, the plant is frost tender and needs the right amount of light along with water and nutrients if it's going to prosper and bloom. And no plant that climbs by twining, which it does, is going to wrap itself around a pillar or column just because someone wants it to. That is simply not possible with the mechanism that twining plants use. The dimension of the object one wants the plant to climb must be small enough, usually up to an inch or so. And if the wire or rod is in hot sun the pl... read more


On Sep 30, 2008, perfectpitch from Santee, CA wrote:

I bought 2 of these plants at the beginning of the summer from our local plant store. I took them home and put them in the ground on the east side of my house where it gets morning sun till about noon. I put a wire trellis behind them. Within days I noticed the plant starting to take off. I had buds within 2 weeks. The other day I noticed a seed pod behind the trellis. It looks kind of like a small avocado. The vines are wrapping itself around the trellis very nicely. I'm hoping it will survive the winter months out here in Santee where it gets down into the low 30's.


On Aug 6, 2008, eozjr from Glasgow,
United Kingdom wrote:

My gran used to grow this indoors in Yorkshire when I was young and I always said I would have it as part of my wedding bouquet. I ordered my bouquet 20 or so years later but the florist had never heard of it!! (I live in Scotland now) I found one in a supermarket in flower and bought it three weeks before the wedding. All the flowers fell off!!! So I bought another, the flowers lasted all summer except the ones I pulled off for my bouquet. Both plants are still going strong one year later and one of them is in flower. I don't do much with them, except dust the leaves occasionally and give them a little water, they are either side of my fireplace (the fire is never on) and they get the evening sun through the window. I love them, they remind my of my gran and my wedding. What more ... read more


On Jun 15, 2008, goofybulb from Richland, MI (Zone 5b) wrote:

I've started Stephanotis floribunda from seed late October 2007, and I've been keeping the seedlings outside at all times ever since they sprouted. We've had a few very cold nights for Miami (low 50s), and I've forgot to bring them in. They didn't mind, and they continued to grow. I don't have them flower yet, but the leaves themselves are quite beautiful. I'm hoping for blooms soon.


On Jun 14, 2008, shoopic from Maurepas, LA wrote:

I ordered this baby from a magazine and the day it came in my husband and I both missed the mail notice and this was on a friday so we didn't get to pick it up until the monday, there it was dried and looking very dead, it lost all but one of it's leaves and that was 3 years ago and the plant has traveled all around the country with me,(my husband was in cunstruction and we traveled 6 months out of the year) I took this plant in a small pot with a make-shift trellis every where and now it is at least 9 feet tall loaded with flowers and it is beautiful, I just picked my first seed pod and I have all the seeds and I will try and grow one from them, I also started another one last year from a cutting that I broke off and it is 3 feet tall and it has already bloomed, I keep them both outside w... read more


On Mar 20, 2008, colleenmd from San Antonio, TX wrote:

About two years ago, I was given this plant by a neighbor who was moving. I took it out of a bed and planted it in a large pot with a metal trellis, it has bloomed each late summer since. It does well inside during the winter here and has been getting water about once every week or so. She was an experiment that I'm very happy with! I had new growth here about Nov/Dec (inside) and I just wind the vines back onto the trellis and she just keeps going and going. I am in love with the scent and can't wait for flowers!


On Feb 3, 2008, CindyMzone5 from Hobart, IN wrote:

I'm a new member here in NW IN and started my steph from T&M seed several years ago. Knowing it's not hardy, have always brought it indoors late fall. I had read somewhere early on that this plant likes to be pot-bound. The multiple branches are around 8 ft, circling a home-made round copper ring. Checking out all of the comments (thank you very much) because mine has never bloomed, I've discovered that it needs a bigger pot and more sun than my shady back yard in summer. I tried overwintering this year in my new little lean-to greenhouse, heated with a non-vented propane heater and sometimes electric heat if the weather is warmer. This plant does not like the propane heater. 80% of the leaves turned yellow during a period of frigid temps and continual propane heat. I maintain a coo... read more


On Sep 13, 2007, growinggal from Elk Grove, CA wrote:

I just bought a Madagascar Jasmine for my USDA zone 8; Western Gardener zone 14. I live in Sacramento, CA. I'm trying it on the policy of my nursery - - lifetime guarantees. I'm going to try it on the north side of my house under eves in the ground. The only frost protection will be the warmth of the house. Has anyone in this zone been successful with this plant?


On Aug 11, 2007, goatroper from Spokane, WA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I absolutely LOVE this plant! I bought it in a small pot and transplanted it into a large patio pot with Miracle Grow Potting soil. I've placed it on our west facing patio in a full sun location and it's doing great. I water it every night because we've had a lot of 90 degree weather recently and have noticed some yellow leaves at the bottom of the plant that have fallen off. This usually indicates too much water, so I'm going to back off to every other day and see what happens. It's blooming and having a great time on the patio. I might move it into a shadier location later but for now it seems to be doing great. It is sending tenderals everywhere and I'm thinking I might want to provide it with a much bigger support to climb on. The flowers smell absolutely fantastic! I've taken... read more


On Jul 11, 2007, stenmoore from Santa Barbara, CA wrote:

does anyone have photos of what an unpollinated madagascar jasmine looks like? does it not have flowers at all or is there a flower spur but now white flower?


On Feb 21, 2007, fabooj from Los Angeles, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

I bought this plant in Jan. '02 and it's been nothing, but an absolute pain. I haven't had a single bloom on it since May '02. It's a very tempermental, overly-sensitive plant and I don't like high maintenance in my life.

This plant first went into shock in July '02. I had moved it from the front to the back of the apt. and quickly back to the front because it was pure sun out there. For about 8 months, it was a brown sad little mess. Then it turned green. Yay! In May '03 it went into shock again, and I have no idea why. I feed and water that thing with no real payoff. Then all of a sudden in Nov. '04 it just started growing. Not filling out, no matter how much I pinched or pruned. It would easy grow 4 inches in a day. Up, up, up went the one lonely tendril with... read more


On Jan 10, 2007, passiflorakid from cardiff,
United Kingdom (Zone 9b) wrote:

I love this plant so much! I have about three in 6in pots and I have cut back two to about 5.5 inches ( is this o.k?) because of yellowing leaves. The other on that I have had for approx 1 year has thrived! I am in the U.K so this plant is not hardy enough for outside. Is there any way to force it to flower/make new growth as mine is rather slow growing. One problem is that once the buds swell and open they only open halfway! and only one or two actually fully open, plz help!!!


On Aug 3, 2006, Yorkshire_Lass from Ripon,
United Kingdom wrote:

I have just identified my plant here on your site. I have bought it (and 2 other jasmines) and planted them in a large planter on our apartment terrace wall in Los Cristianos, Tenerife. I am hoping my neighbour will look after it until I return. I did not know what the large pod was but have learnt much from your site. I am hoping I can train it up and over the wall filling the warm night air with fragrance. I will watch the watering as suggested by you all. Wish me luck - this would never grow here in Yorkshire - in or out of doors!!


On Aug 2, 2006, Lmozr from Florissant, MO wrote:

I've had my stephanotis since May and just recently noticed a seed pod that is growing pretty quickly. Can I plant the seeds from this after it is dried ? Any tips would be greatly appreciated as I am new to this plant. Thanks!

St.Louis, MO


On Jul 21, 2006, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

All this plants asks is to give it root room,part sun,moderate temps,and never let go dry. Mine was waaay underpotted in a gallon container.This year i put it in a five gallon pot and let it twine around a antique bird cage stand.It's making a very attractive wreath shape.
2016: Its been planted in ground for years now. A moderate grower,flowers start around late July in the bay area for me.
A good small scale vine for a light trellis.


On Jul 15, 2006, hmacgr from Schoharie, NY (Zone 5a) wrote:

I'm a florist by trade but a gardener at heart and as such end up with all the unwanted plants from our holiday sales. This plant came to my orphanage 3 years ago as a small 6" circle trellis. It goes outside somewhere around May and is usually back in the house by the begining of October. Every year it has become more vigorus (and naughty). It actually tried to take the crown molding down in my living room this spring when it woke-up! Great plant. Amazing scent. Two big thumbs-up from me.


On Mar 20, 2006, Wifeygirl from (Caitlin) Fresno, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Hi guys. I planted three of these stephanotis vines last summer in the LA area, and have also observed three others that were planted at my work. I planted mine to climb up a trellis, but the plant really doesn't like to cling to a trellis or other support. Instead it uses the support as a launching point to stick its feelers straight out in the air. The vines at my work are planted against pillars, and the gardeners obviously planned for the vines to wrap around the pillars. However, they really aren't that kind of vine. Instead they ended up with bushy vines that they had to fasten to the pillars, and the vines are all sticking straight out from the pillars. So beware, this vine does not like to cling to the shape of your trellis or support.


On Jun 28, 2005, FishMang from Grant Valkaria, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I'm a newcomer to this sensual vine. I purchased it in late March, at Valkaria Botanical Gardens just south of Palm Bay, Florida I just repotted it in to a 5 gallon pot, with a trellis, as it has already outgrown the 2 gal pot it came in. The plant is starting it's second blooming cycle since I got it and it's wonderful scent fills the yard. I will most likely keep it potted, as we are subject to get a freeze every few years. If I am fortunate enough to get seeds I will see just how much cold this plant can take.


On Apr 25, 2005, blackthumbX2 from Hilo, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

When I purchased this home a few months ago I inherited this 20 year old Stephanotis plant which has overgrown approximately 60 feet of a chain link fence which surrounds my half-acre property in Hilo, Hawaii. The blooms are gorgeous and fragrant. There are numerous seed pods. However, in this tropical climate and allowed uncontrolled growth there are miles of woody vine with no green on the backside of the fence.......the side I view from the house. I hate looking at it, but I can't stand the thought of cutting it beware you Hawaii (tropical) planters.......keep it under contol.

Update: We methodically began pruning dead wood, and have successfuly sculpted a portion of the vine into a beautiful hedge. Before and after pictures will follow.


On Apr 22, 2005, TropicalLover21 from Santa Maria, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

I really really like this plant, although ive never smelled the blooms.. Wanna know why? Well its been doing so so here. I have it inside, in a sunny window, because outside it is a little too cold for it... It was kinda bushy when i first bought it, and expensive too, now its seemed to lose some leaves that turned yellow and fell off... I am guessing it likes a Hawaii type place.. Well other than that i really love it, and am trying everything i can to make it grow and bloom... If you live in Los Angeles it will do fine there, i live close to LA and seen it there outside on fences and peoples front porches, and its doing well!!! Wish i lived in LA sometimes! :O(


Man this vine died on me! I guess it didnt like to be re-planted, but the soil it was in ... read more


On Feb 12, 2005, Idahoan from Boise, ID (Zone 6a) wrote:

In Zone 6 the Stephanotis is a summer patio plant. It does tend to attract ants and scale during the winter months in the house. However, a white vinegar circle around the pot between rainstorms takes care of the ants and alcohol and Q-tips take care of the scale.

I have had the steph for over 5 years. In previous home in Santa Clara, CA it wintered over in the greenhouse. All I ever did was trim it back in the spring and transfer it to an ever larger pot. It is now in a 20" pot about 2 feet high. It climbs on a trellis that is 4 feet wide and 5 feet high. When it is time to change the trellis, I cut the plant back a bit and unwind the branches, insert new trellis and wind the plant around the wood.

Last spring I had to cut the plant back to fit in a U... read more


On Jan 19, 2005, marytor from Torrance, CA wrote:

I would also like to add that the flowers are very long-lived. It also looks very attractive to have a maroon colored clematis climbing throughout. ahh!


On Nov 24, 2004, Julia_T from Northern, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I started two plants from seed this spring, under flourescent lights, in ProMix. In mid-May I hardened them off, then transplanted them to my west-facing (sun) garden, zone 7a. They grew a bit in the summer, next to my soaker hose and sheltered by a very dense canopy of lablab purpurea. In Sept. I potted them and brought them inside. They are still small, but perking up and greener now that I've started parking them about 3" from a flourescent kitchen light at night. There is a bit of stippling and curling on some leaves. No apparent pests, though.


On Jul 2, 2004, punaheledp from Kailua, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

Zone 11, hawaii. have always loved this vine. grew it on the other side of island when i was a teen. Quite a bit around here, neighbors grow it on chain link fences and that's where I got my seeds several years ago. One of the pods had just ripened (split open...seeds go airborn on silky "feathers"). As my son was early grade-school we would often plant seeds we'd find into pots to see what would happen. I had not expected these to germinate but all we planted grew. Kept them it pots several years then finally planted along fence (about 6' apart). Lots of flowers right now... blooms many times throughout the year. 1st pod on the vine. If you have pod, let it ripen...must be hundreds of seeds laying flat and ready for the wind to take them... coolest thing.


On May 6, 2004, bojar from Wroclaw,

Like in the case of robin3's plant, the one I grow produced some kind of fruit that's hanging right now on a stem. It's dark green, a bit avocado-like looking, but with a rut like in a plum. The plant is planted indoors in full sun (south-east located window), and produces 20-30 flowers at one time, even in winter.


On May 3, 2004, tweety24311 from Rumson, NJ wrote:

I purchased the stephanotis back in February on clearance at my local flower shop. They put it on clearance because it had no more flowers. It is very cold here through winter and I kept it indoors until recently. It got new leaves while in the house. And now that I put it on our sun porch, the plant just took off and started growing more leaves. I love it!! I fertilize it about once a month. It is very easy to grow and amazingly accepts the colder climate????


On Mar 17, 2004, kellypacificcoa from Dana Point, CA wrote:

I have had good luck growing mine in a large pot, and giving it a climbing structure.It is in a cool pot with bright indirect light. I get more blooms off the part of the plant that receives some direct sun for part of the day.I have seen this plant do very well planted in the ground, and is spectacular growing on patio covers. It definitely needs a place to wrap its tendrils around and will grow, grow, grow. As a florist we use this in wedding bouquets, and is a favorite of brides.Also in winter I cut back on watering it and it seems to bloom even better. Cut worms sometimes start getting in flower clusters and starting eating away at them, other than that I have had very little pest problems.


On Oct 2, 2003, robin3 wrote:

My "Bridal Bouquet Vine" is producing minimal flowers yet three seed-producing pods this year. I cut one pod and have kept it in my kitchen not knowing what to do with it, and one remains on the vine. (The first one I noticed I cut off thinking it was some cucumber or something, ha ha!) I've now read that you are let the pods "dry" on the vine prior to harvest, but not sure I know when to harvest.


On Sep 4, 2003, cadream from Rancho Palos Verdes, CA wrote:

Grows boldly spreads nicely and flowers generously (in late summer) on trellis against an east-facing wall in our coastal climate. Occasional trouble from scale, which appears to invite ants and spiders, but otherwise hardy and lovely. Tried first in a pot, but much more successful in the ground. Blossoms are deliciously fragrant.


On Aug 2, 2003, Jeansgarden from Goleta, CA wrote:

North-facing plant grows like a weed in a wonderful eight foot arch above my entryway. People are floored by its fragrance in the summer. Does not like the winter but with a little pruning in the spring puts out tons of new growth and never really looks bad, just some leaf dieback during the coldest months.

Interestingly, the same plant planted on the south facing side of this entryway has died back twice in the winter. I guess "location, location, location" applies to this as well. Fertilized when I remember (approximately every two months) with a slow-release fertilizer for acid-loving plants such as gardenia and azalea.

I have hundreds and hundreds of flowers on this plant. At some points this summer it was hard to see the green leaves for the flowers... read more


On Jul 15, 2003, 3furies wrote:

We found this species at our specialty flower farm and loved the fragrance and blooms. We live in western Washington state and therefore must keep this plant indoors. However it has grown to approximately 8-1/2 feet tall in a large ceramic planter and has thrived for the past four months. It has recently stopped blooming and some of the leaves have turned yellow. I believe we may have an infestation of some sort and will be consulting with a local plant specialist to see if there is a fix for this problem. This is our new favorite plant and hope to save it.


On Jun 10, 2003, ashkebird from San Diego, CA wrote:

I can't believe I'm the first to comment on this WONDERFUL plant! If you're lucky enough to live in USDA Zone 10, where it doesn't get near freezing, this plant grows like a weed outdoors. It especially likes a north- or east- facing wall against the house, or in areas where it gets part sun or morning sun only.

If planted in full sun, the leaves get a bit crisp, but it will bloom like a pro. And its the blooms which are fantastic. Light to medium strength jasmine fragrance and for me, they start in summer and last through early winter, providing the thick heavy white waxy flowers are commonly found in wedding bouquets.

If I lived elsewhere, and had a good east or even west or part southern window exposure, I would DEFINITELY try and grow this as a houseplant... read more