Caesalpinia Species, Barbados Pride, Paradise Flower, Peacock Tree

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Caesalpinia (ses-al-PIN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: pulcherrima (pul-KAIR-ih-muh) (Info)
Synonym:Caesalpinia pulcherrima var. flava
Synonym:Poinciana bijuga
Synonym:Poinciana elata
Synonym:Poinciana pulcherrima
View this plant in a garden



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:



4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Blooms all year

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:


Vincent, Alabama

Buckeye, Arizona

Chuichu, Arizona

Douglas, Arizona

Fort Mohave, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Goodyear, Arizona(2 reports)

Green Valley, Arizona

Lake Havasu City, Arizona

Litchfield Park, Arizona

Mesa, Arizona(3 reports)

Phoenix, Arizona(4 reports)

Queen Creek, Arizona

Sahuarita, Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Sun City, Arizona

Tempe, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona(9 reports)

Malvern, Arkansas

Banning, California

Brentwood, California

Canoga Park, California

Castro Valley, California

Cypress, California

Desert Hot Springs, California

Escondido, California

Fontana, California

Fremont, California

Fresno, California

Hanford, California

Highgrove, California

Indio, California

La Quinta, California

Madera, California

Mountain View Acres, California

Murrieta, California(2 reports)

Palm Springs, California

Pasadena, California

Reseda, California

Arcadia, Florida(678 reports)

Auburndale, Florida

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Bradenton, Florida

Bradley, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Clearwater, Florida

Cocoa Beach, Florida

Delray Beach, Florida

Dunnellon, Florida

Englewood, Florida

Floral City, Florida

Fort Myers, Florida

Fort Pierce, Florida

Haines City, Florida

Hollywood, Florida(4 reports)

Jacksonville, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida(4 reports)

Lake Wales, Florida(2 reports)

Loxahatchee, Florida

Maitland, Florida

Marianna, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Miami, Florida(2 reports)

Miami Beach, Florida

Mulberry, Florida

Naples, Florida(2 reports)

Odessa, Florida(2 reports)

Old Town, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Plant City, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Port Saint Lucie, Florida

Riverview, Florida

Saint Augustine, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Tampa, Florida(2 reports)

Tavares, Florida

Umatilla, Florida

Venice, Florida

Wauchula, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Honomu, Hawaii

Barbourville, Kentucky

Thibodaux, Louisiana

Zachary, Louisiana

Columbia, Mississippi

Marietta, Mississippi

Las Vegas, Nevada(4 reports)

North Las Vegas, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

La Luz, New Mexico

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Roswell, New Mexico

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Roseboro, North Carolina

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Caguas, Puerto Rico

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Bluffton, South Carolina

Goose Creek, South Carolina

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Saint Helena Island, South Carolina

, Syddanmark

Abilene, Texas

Alvin, Texas(2 reports)

Austin, Texas(4 reports)

Bastrop, Texas

Baytown, Texas

Belton, Texas

Brazoria, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Brownsville, Texas(2 reports)

Brownwood, Texas

Burleson, Texas

Canyon Lake, Texas

Cibolo, Texas

Copperas Cove, Texas

Corpus Christi, Texas

Deer Park, Texas(2 reports)

Dickinson, Texas

Eagle Lake, Texas

El Paso, Texas(2 reports)

Evant, Texas

Floresville, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas(2 reports)

Friendswood, Texas

Georgetown, Texas(2 reports)

Geronimo, Texas

Gillett, Texas

Grand Prairie, Texas

Harlingen, Texas(2 reports)

Houston, Texas(8 reports)

Iredell, Texas

Irving, Texas

Katy, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

Killeen, Texas

Kingsland, Texas

Kyle, Texas

La Porte, Texas

Livingston, Texas

Llano, Texas

Lockhart, Texas

Lytle, Texas

Marble Falls, Texas(2 reports)

Missouri City, Texas

New Braunfels, Texas(3 reports)

New Caney, Texas

Pilot Point, Texas

Portland, Texas

Rockport, Texas

Round Rock, Texas(2 reports)

Rowlett, Texas

San Angelo, Texas(3 reports)

San Antonio, Texas(7 reports)

San Benito, Texas

Santa Fe, Texas

Schertz, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

Sweeny, Texas

Universal City, Texas

Saint George, Utah

St John, Virgin Islands

Kalama, Washington

Vashon, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 27, 2020, 2QandLearn from Menifee, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I was just viewing a few videos about starting this plant from seed, & came across a very unique method I'd never heard of before... ... ... This student did an experiment. She has planted FRESH seeds that never got the chance to dry out ... and ... they apparently sprouted!: [[email protected]]


On Nov 4, 2018, Mark_B from Garden Grove, CA wrote:

I first saw this plant in Cypress, California. It is actually growing outside of a bank, on the grounds, as you enter the drive-thru atm. How do you sow the seeds? Do you nick the shell first?


On Jul 22, 2016, Karissima from Tucson, AZ wrote:

These beautiful plants grow 7-8' tall in Tucson. We go months without rain, but they don't require supplemental watering to thrive. They need full sun to bloom their best. In February, cut back all branches to 8". They don't flower on last year's branches, and it saps the plant's strength to maintain the old stock. I know; I experimented last year, leaving one plant uncut. It was feeble and spindly, while the others grew strong as usual.

The seeds contain an abortifacient, part of the new world pharmacopeia.


On Feb 23, 2016, GoatLockerGuns from San Antonio, TX wrote:

This tree is easy to germinate from seed if scarified. Simply make a small and shallow cut with a sharp knife along the side of the hard seed shell (only deep enough to see the slightest white from the endosperm inside). Place the seed in a zip lock bag filled up 1/3 of the way with potting soil (preferably a seed germinating mix; I have also found that the Palm/Cactus/Citrus blends work well). Dampen the soil and place the zip lock bag on a seed germination heat mat. Should germinate in 2-5 days.


On Jan 12, 2015, azsilvia from Tempe, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

I've seen this locally called Mexican Bird of Paradise, Red Bird of Paradise or Bird of Paradise. It's one of the few plants to bloom all through the heat of summer, even against a west facing wall! It doesn't need too much water, though more than our native plants. In winters when it doesn't frost it can keep much of it's foliage which turns red. Most years it looses all it's leaves and can die back to the ground if it gets cold enough. It's often just cut down to ground level and allowed to grow fresh in mid-spring. It can be useful to keep the dormancy in mind and plant it in front of winter-showy plants.


On Jan 12, 2015, konakathie from Temecula, CA wrote:

Love this plant for hot, dry areas! I noticed it in roadside plantings in Phoenix, but no one could tell me what the plant was called. I figured if it thrived in such harsh conditions, surely I could grow it.
Then hubby and I went to Barbados---where they are everywhere and are the national flower. Got some in AZ the next time I went there and planted them here in inland Southern CA. They're doing great. I think they like good drainage, and that may be key to why some people lost them in the winter.


On Jul 21, 2014, dbruckel from Kissimmee, FL wrote:

As I live in Poinciana, FL, I am really excited about two obviously closely related plants I have been growing for several years. The first is a 4-6 foot multi-stemmed shrub with thin bristles or thorns extending along most of the older woody stems, likely C. pulcherrima. The second, a considerably larger shrub or small tree of perhaps 8-10 feet high and wide, has very similar but larger flower trusses, and only what I would describe as stipular thorns, in pairs only and just below each leaf petiole. I strongly suspect this a separate but closely related species.

If anyone can provide information on the taxonomy of these two species (or at least they look like to different species to me).

I can provide seeds of both if anyone is interested. Scarified seeds g... read more


On Jun 28, 2014, barb0591 from Tavares, FL wrote:

I planted this here in Central Florida and I just noticed the new growth coming in is turning black, can someone help me to fix the issue?


On Mar 9, 2014, traumamama62 from Houston, TX wrote:

I originally saw this beautiful plant on the corner lot in full bloomin late August in Oak Forest subdivision, here in Houston , Tx. I asked the owner if I could buy some seeds. She said no but I will give you some. I waited til the following spring to plant themI. I sanded outer shell with sandpaper, put them on a papertowel in a bowl, covered seeds with papertowel and then put a little bit of water in bowl and placed in a window that faces west.. Three days later the seeds had germinated. I transplanted each seedling into a 3" pot filled with Miracle Grow potting soil..I placed the plants in area on patio that got at least 6-8 hrs of full sun per day.. I watered them whenever the soil dried out...About six weeks later the pots were root bound. I transplanted them into backyard next to s... read more


On Aug 17, 2013, silvana2013 from Mesa, AZ wrote:

Finally I got a place where I learn about this plant which I fall in love and I want to plant them. Could somebody advice me when is the best time to plant the seeds? I live in Mesa, Arizona. I will appreciate so much your information.


On Jun 15, 2013, Mojave_Sun from Saint George, UT wrote:

This beautiful plant can thrive and is sold in nurseries in St. George, Utah, but is very under-used here as people tend to think just because they freeze back in the winter, and takes a long time to recover in late spring, they're dead. However, the few that are visible in yards throughout the area come back full and beautiful year after year with large, showy red-orange blooms on plants 6-8 feet tall even after having been cut down to near the ground in winter.
I live in an apartment, so I have one in a large pot on my patio that gets morning sun and it's thriving. Last year it bloomed late summer into fall and even had green foliage until late December when we got our first hard freeze.

It's not required to be covered or protected here, eventhough I would protect ... read more


On Jul 17, 2012, patt8888 from Elgin, TX wrote:

In Hutto,Tx I found this plant growing in a neighbors yard on the west side of the house,with absolutely nothing around it.It was at least 5'.I was impressed as this was the worst drought we had seen in 100 years.we lost mannnnny plants and trees,but this one just looked beautiful while everything else was dead.
I grabbed some seeds,held on to them for a while and planted it a pot,not doing a thing,and it sprouted just fine!!! Going to plant the little guy now and hoping for the same results...It is a beauty!!


On Dec 20, 2011, GreenOliveTree from Christ Church,
Barbados wrote:

I have all the colour varieties and this is an extremely durable plant in hot weather. The orange coloured variety is our national flower here in Barbados and is grown all around the island. It is found on the national coat-of-arms or seal.

The other colour varieties include the yellow, pink and cream varieties. The pink has good vigour and flowers with the same frequency as the yellow or orange varieties. The cream variety is the rarest of the lot and tends to grow a bit slower but it is beautiful nonetheless.

We have a tropical climate so they grow really nice here with the exception of really dry weather they are very beautiful and low maintenance. You only have to be careful with the thorns outside of that no worries at all. If you are interested in the va... read more


On Dec 27, 2010, solady from Monroeville, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I bought this plant in Tuscon (Wal Mart) and planted it at my home in Southern Alabama. It did real well the first year but died the 2nd year. Could it have gotten too much rain and drowned?
We are in the area that gets the most rain per year in the


On Dec 10, 2010, ThomPotempa from Houston, TX wrote:

They are beautiful but I lost 2/3 in the freeze last winter. The 2 that were lost were planted that year, however, and the one which came back was more established.


On Dec 8, 2010, gardenpom from Melbourne, FL wrote:

I love this plant, however the last two winters have been tough on them here. I had a large one out in the front yard full of pods, and unfortunately I had to cut it way back to cover it. I want to keep it going so it will perhaps produce pods earlier next season. So many people have commented on how beautiful it was, and I was hoping to have seeds to give away. Maybe next year.


On Sep 6, 2010, Juttah from Tucson, AZ (Zone 8a) wrote:

Positives: Gorgeous when in bloom, vigorous, needs almost no water once established. We had a large specimen next to the patio and never watered it -- this is in Tucson mind you!

Negatives: It's deciduous so you get to look at dead sticks for 6 or 7 months. Sheds spent flowers, leaves, and seed pods. In late summer the pods explode with a SNAP which can be startling or annoying. Shallow roots are surprisingly thick; don't plant next to paving because it will buckle the pavers. (The guy who redid our patio says he sees this all the time with this plant.) Attracts lots of bees but only the occasional inquisitive butterfly or hummingbird.

For us, the negatives outweighed the positives and we took ours out. For the reasons I mentioned, avoid planting it next to a... read more


On Sep 4, 2010, MSheff from Spring Branch, TX wrote:

Is this plant deer resistant?


On Aug 31, 2010, colchie from Vashon, WA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Everyone in hot states mentions how easy it is to grow this. I got good germination of seeds, but a coolish summer - none of them survived outside, but the one in the greenhouse is a foot tall now. Hoping it gets even bigger next year.


On Aug 30, 2010, summerrain1006 from Houston, TX wrote:

I have been pulling these plants from my garden all year thinking it was a weed, which I have never seen. I went to home depot last week and recognized the leaf. I spoke to another shopper concerning this plant and to my amazement, she too had never seen this plant in her yard. Since, I have taken the larges plants and shared them with my co-workers, kept one in a pot and left a few in the ground. I have tons of seedlings in my yard.

The woman I spoke with said these were blown in from hurricane Ike.

I can't wait to see them bloom.


On Aug 10, 2010, AZJeff from Sahuarita, AZ (Zone 9a) wrote:

This bush is planted in many home and business landscapes in Tucson and other areas near to it. Most people in my area call this plant,"Red bird of paradise" or Red bird(for short name). It's a nice flowering bush,and surprisingly,even though it originates in the tropics of the West Indies,it does well in southern Arizona in the desert,as long as it gets plenty of water,to have it looking it's best. It takes hot sun,and heat well,especially of this area. I have one plant I planted from seed. It takes a few years before a seedling will become a bush and then flower. Mine flowered I think last year or the year before,with one or 2 small blossom clusters. The seeds are easy to grow,but should be soaked in warm water no longer than a day,to hasten germination. This plant can take drought which... read more


On May 31, 2010, abken from New Orleans, LA wrote:

I have been growing this plant in the New Orleans area for about ten years. Started from seed, it didn't perform well for a year or so, then really took off, branches sprawling octapus-ily over and around an island bed. Bloom is nearly constant all summer. Subject to branch breakage in strong summer squalls, though it doesn't seem to affect the plant's vigor. May be cut to the ground in dormancy if desired. New growth in multiple shoots may be left as such or nicked off to achieve desired size and shape.


On May 31, 2010, wynswid from Garland, TX wrote:

I bought two of these last summer. They were noted as cold hardy to 8a which is my zone. However, both died this past winter even though they were in a sheltered area. I love the plant, so I may try again.


On May 31, 2010, kaydiehl from Pasadena, CA wrote:

One of the last shrubs to leaf out here in Pasadena -- late April/early May is not uncommon. Bloom time here is August -- September, which is perfect because little else is blooming at the time and it puts on quite a show. Many positive comments from passers-by. In cooler winters there is a little die back at the tips, but never down to the ground. And yes, I lucked into a late summer sale at Home Depot and scored two healthy plants for about [email protected]


On May 31, 2010, burien_gardener from Burien (SW Seattle), WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I brought back seeds of Ceasalpinia from a trip to southern France in 1997. Around the Riviera they call it Parrot Flower.

Over the last 13 years, the 2 successful seeds have grown to more than 12 feet. The foliage is an exotic point on my lower patio. Curiously, the foliage closes at night similar to the sensitive plant - a relative.

Unfortunately, the plants have never set any flowers. I think Seattle doesn't get hot enough for long enough to encourage blooming. I'd love for it to bloom before I become compost, but I'll enjoy the lush, tropical foliage every summer.


On Mar 26, 2010, dixielol from Dunmor, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

I am growing this in a pot right now but am going to plant it in the ground when it gets warmer. I think I might leave one in the ground all winter this year & see what happens...

**If starting from seeds, I have found it works best if you nick the seeds then soak them until they swell up a lot. I had 90% germination with the ones that was nicked & soaked but only about 20% with those that were only soaked.****


On Mar 10, 2010, tropicaldude from Orlando, FL wrote:

I've seen this one get to about 20 feet tall in enriched soil forming a lovely small tree (in frost free areas)


On Aug 21, 2009, aves2464 from Fresno, CA wrote:

The frosts here in Zone 9, Central California will kill the plant back to the ground but if the root zone is protected with mulch, the plant quickly recovers in the spring.


On Aug 14, 2009, Dutchman09 from 3Pts., AZ (Zone 9a) wrote:

This plant was given to me in 1993. I planted and watered it for one season and forgot about it. I remarried in 2006 and in March my wife asked me if she could pull out the weeds in front of the patio. I told her the story and started watering it. It is now 8' by 8' and 7.5 ' tall and has blossoms all summer. Last November I did not cut it down to the ground as in the previous two years and it just got bigger. I deep soak it with a soaker hose for 4 hours a week and have never fed it. I highly recommend this as a decorative plant/shrub. This Paradise plant is in Zone 9a. My wife just bought another one and would appreciate any information on the best time of year to transplant from the pot into the ground. Also what kind of fertilizer to use if any.


On Jun 4, 2009, AliceB777 from Las Cruces, NM wrote:

I just discovered this beautiful shrub while traveling through the Phoenix/Scottsdale area.

I am looking forward to checking out the local nurseries this weekend to see if they have one. I know I can get the standard yellow bird-of-paradise (they are all over this area), but have never seen the Caesalpinia pulcherrima. I am in the Las Cruces, NM area.

I would appreciate any tips on healthy growing.


On Mar 26, 2009, angele wrote:

Another common name for this plant, especially around Dave's Garden is 'Trois Flower' ...

Trois was an active and wonderful member of Dave's Garden. One of his favorite plants was Pride of Barbados. He shared seed from this plant with friends from all over the world and since his passing on September 1, 2008 several of his friends and his daughter; SingingWolf, continue what her father started. I think the world is a more beautiful and much nicer place because of people like Trois, SingingWolf and you too.


On Nov 11, 2008, agentdonny007 from Las Vegas, NV (Zone 8b) wrote:

Highly used tropical accent throughout Las Vegas. From residential areas to strip mall medians, this plant/shrub can be found tucked among common Las Vegas landscapes. The leaves tend to be deciduous during the winter in outer areas of the Las Vegas valley but growth quickly comes with the arrival of spring heat. I have seen small trees growing in and around the airport/Strip in protected pockets. Very beautiful flowers!!


On Nov 7, 2008, GrandmaKoi from Cape Coral, FL wrote:

I'm looking for information about the Pink dwarf variety. My house is pink, so that would be the one for me but I can find very little about it. Is it as hardy as the reds and yellows? The red poinciana grows huge here and is an incredible show-stopper.


On Oct 4, 2008, hernandey10 from Santa Ana, CA wrote:

i am currently working in palm desert, calif. (10/1/08)
i went to local home depot, and lo and behold, they
dozens for sale in 1 gal. and 3 gal. the 3 gal size that
day was on sale for $10.00!!!!!!!!!!!!!


On Jul 11, 2008, Turtlegaby from Decatur, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

I started the seeds a couple of weeks ago. First sanded them a little bit with sandpaper, then soaked them in warm water. I totally forgot about them and 4 days later, the water looked deeply brown, I thought everything is lost. But I planted them though. They germinated in only 2 days! Now 2 weeks after germination they are 3 inch tall and have their first set of leaves.
I am assuming, the longer they soak, the faster they germinate. That was the easiest germination I ever have experienced with a tropical species.


On Jul 4, 2008, mramell48 from Irving, TX wrote:

This is the second year with this particular plant. The first year we purchased it at a home center towards the end of summer. It almost immediately began to loose leaves and I kept it in the greenhouse till spring. It was only a few sprigs by then, but daily gentle care and it grew back wonderfully, but here it is July 3rd and I fear I have been over watering because bottom leaves are yellowing and falling off. It began to bloom about June 8th or so and my friend, Margie, 82 yrs old was beyond words happy as she was never able to grow one ever. Now we have seed pods and I hope to have plenty of new starts by spring.



On Jun 27, 2008, jah510 from West Palm Beach, FL wrote:

I have this planted outside in a large pot, although here in West Palm Beach, the weather is not an issue. I simply did not want a large tree. I've had mine about 7 years now and it is only 6 feet tall because of the pot and my pruning. Quite the little showboat, I must say. If you can grow it in your area, or think you can, I'd say give it a try! You won't be sorry.
Wish I could say I have gotten good results with the seeds, however. Anyone willing to send along a trick or tip with them, I'd be appreciative!


On Jun 22, 2008, cactuspatch from Alamogordo, NM (Zone 7b) wrote:

I love this plant. It needs some protection in my area. Mine is planted with a stucco wall behind it to the north, mulched with white gravel and it has come back every summer for 7 years so far. It reseeds and I have not had luck transplanting the seedlings.


On Apr 16, 2008, hawkarica from Odessa, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I love the plant as it is constantly in bloom. However, one night the temperature dropped to 28 degrees for a couple of hours and killed it. I have just purchased another and will try again.



On Aug 28, 2007, KCadabona from Columbia, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

I personally don't grow it but it is grown throughout Hawaii and used in lei making. The plant is call Ohai Alii in Hawaii.


On Feb 15, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride of Barbados, Peacock Flower, flamboyan-de-jardin Caesalpinia pulcherrima is Naturalized in Texas and other States.


On Oct 9, 2006, jlk818 from Fort Stockton, TX wrote:

I can't say enough good things about this plant. Out here in hot dry W. Texas it has been just beautiful. We put it on a drip system for deep watering. The 2nd year it was about 5 ft. tall and 5' across and covered with long-lasting blooms. Our winters are cold enough that it freezes back to ground level but pops right out and grows rapidly as soon as the nights are 65' or higher. The only difficulty we've found is growing from seed. We've tried soaking in warm water after scoring the hard seed with no luck.


On Aug 17, 2006, phoenixtropical from Mesa, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

A great landscape plant for the Phoenix area.


On Aug 16, 2006, bugraooo from Port Saint Lucie, FL wrote:

Intricate orange-yellow bloom. Color-wise, they are a bright orange and yellow, clashing with most other flowers. I grow them under a royal poinciana tree and they look wonderful. Oddly, there is a dwarf poinciana growing in a cemetery in Baltimore, MD. Global warming? Anyone know of the dwarf poinciana growing in Baltimore historically?


On Jul 19, 2006, Dinu from Mysore,
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

Having not pruned it at all for all the 7 years, it has grown to the height of my first floor window. More than 15 feet tall. It is a lovely sight in bloom esp. from a little distance. I maintained it only in its firs year from seed. Later it is on its own. Now it has become a good canopy as well as a screen to the adjacent street. Good plant to have in a garden.


On Jun 17, 2006, GD_Rankin from San Antonio, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Just sharing a few thoughts and a couple of photos. The Red Bird of Pardise thrive here in our south/central Texas dry and hot summers. They seem to do very well in the sandy soil and don't mind the extremities of the mid-day sun. They start to bloom around the middle of may and continue throughout the summer.

They have wonderful color blooms and a very unusual flower structure and obviously attract lots of bees and butterflies. As you can see in the last photo I added, they produce seed pods that when left on the plant to dry can be collected for seeds.

However, they do require protection from extremely cold conditions. Of the two I had here last season, the one that was not covered suffered some damage from freezing rain and had to be cut back. It survived... read more


On Jul 30, 2005, jlshort from Bandera, TX wrote:

I got some seeds from a friend. They are growing well. Very easy to grow. I just planted them this spring, they are about 4 to 6 inches tall already. I would like to know how long it will take for them to start blooming.


On Jul 27, 2005, Cutycall from Devon,
United Kingdom (Zone 9a) wrote:

Growing this plant from seed is extremely easy. Simply, lightly sand the seed before soaking in water for up to 24 hours. If external coating very hard then cut/nick shell to enable water to penetrate the internal kernel. Pot into a good medium of loamy/good draining compost and water lightly. Do not overwater as rotting may occur. Then simply place into a polythene bag on a warm sunny window sill and wait for approx 10 days. Once leaves appear remove from bag and keep warm preferrably in direct sunlight with good air circulation, but again do not overwater these plants as they are drought tolerant. They grow happily in the United Kingdom but may need some extra mulch to protect over winter.

I have found these beautiful plants a joy to grow, seeds are readily available from... read more


On Apr 27, 2005, Kelli from L.A. (Canoga Park), CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Anything that blooms so enthusiastically in the heat of summer gets my vote.


On Oct 13, 2004, TucsonJen from Tucson, AZ (Zone 9a) wrote:

"Red birds can be trained into small trees but do not have the visual impact of the pruned shrub form. Typically stems are pruned to within 6 to 12 inches above the ground, when the plant is dormant, to promote flowering and denser branching next season." You'd get to retrain it every year from scratch. Blah!

"Of the Caesalpinia species, C. cacalaco and C. mexicana are most adaptable to being trained into patio tree form."


On Sep 30, 2004, udigg from PH,
Israel (Zone 10b) wrote:

Has anybody grown it as a small shade tree?


On Jul 28, 2004, azsunnygrl from Tucson, AZ wrote:

I never plant anything bigger than a 1 gallon size plant because it grows very rapidly here in Southern Arizona. They are drought tolerant and actually grow more compactly if not overwatered. It has a tropical foliage that contrasts nicely with desert landscaping. I cut mine back to the ground in January and it is about 5 ft. tall and 4 ft. across today. The only bad thing I can say about them is if not deadheaded lots of seedlings will come up during the rainy season. Leave the seedlings you want to keep and easily pull up the rest.


On Oct 21, 2003, chrislyn from La Porte, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I planted my Pride of Barbados last year. It is beautiful. I am interested in growing it from seed...I have had luck rooting it from cuttings but they are just starting out.


On Oct 15, 2003, clantonnaomi from Iredell, TX wrote:

I have grown this tree for several years in central Texas (Zone 8). It has grown to at least 6 feet tall and 6 feet wide. I do trim it back in the fall and it consistently comes back in the spring. It is beautiful when blooming - literally covered in bright red blooms. It is one of my favorite trees.


On Oct 14, 2003, TerriFlorida from Plant City, FL wrote:

I have grown this gorgeous plant in the poorest soil Florida can offer (nearly pure sand) and in potting soil in a pot for years. It tolerates many abuses, including pot culture. Winter flooding will kill the roots, particularly in poor soil, that's the only cultural note I can add.

It is very easy to grow from seed, I've never bought the outrageously priced plants. They get those prices because the flowers are so very showy. I was given seeds from a friend -- it is a great producer. You have to deadhead with great determination to get all the pods before they pop open. But the seedlings are easy to pull where not wanted, so it is not a terrible trial to own.


On Jul 10, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a leguminous plant that looks like a shrub version of the Royal Poinciana. It has small, ferny leaves of pale to turquoise green and incredibly colorful red-orange flowers for most of the summer, starting in late spring in my yard. It is somewhat marginal in Southern California, and tends to be deciduous over the winter, but I have had no problem keeping it alive. From what I understand, it gets completely 'killed' back in zones 8a-9a, but it can grow back from its roots if well established. Though drought tolerant, mine seems to prefer a lot of water during hot, dry summers (which is all summers here southern California)


On Oct 22, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Dwarf Poinciana is an evergreen shrub or small tree in frost free climates, a deciduous shrub in zone 9, and a returning perennial in zone 8. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters 8-10" tall throughout most of the year in tropical climates and in late summer and fall where frosts occur. There are plants with yellow flowers and also with dark red flowers. The fruits, typical legumes, are flat, 3-4" long, and when ripe they split open noisily to expose the little brown beans.

This plant has an open, spreading habit and the branches sometimes get too long and break off. A line of plants makes a showy fine-textured screen or informal hedge. You can cut it to the ground in late winter or early spring to get a bushier, more compact shrub.